Childhood Development and Learning Difficulties
There's so much to learn about how young Kiwis learn
Why is it a problem?
Why is it a problem?
What is childhood development?
Childhood development is simply the process by which a child changes over time. In broad terms, it can cover the time between conception and an individual becoming a fully functioning adult. Another way to describe this process is the change from total dependence to full independence.
What are the main areas of childhood development?
Although there are many differences in definition and terminology, it is generally accepted that childhood development includes:
• basic motor skills, e.g. example crawling, jumping or running
• fine (more complicated) motor skills, e.g. writing and drawing
• speech and language
• cognitive and intellectual skills, e.g. counting or identifying shapes
• social and emotional skills, e.g. playing with other children.
So what is ‘normal’ vs ‘delayed’ development’?
Because most children reach specific developmental milestones at around similar ages, this is often called ‘normal development’. It doesn’t mean all children will reach the main areas of development at exactly the same age. A child whose skills and abilities in one or more areas are delayed compared with other children of the same age can be experiencing ‘delayed development’
Why is early intervention so important?
Recognising developmental delays early in a child’s life can provide the opportunities and support to develop new skills. The quality of nurturing and support provided in the early years can influence their:
• ability to learn
• ability to control emotions
• risks for disease later in life.
Did you know?The first 5 years of a child’s life are a critically important time in brain development.
WHAT ARE WE DOING TO HELP?
Phonics instruction for teachers to help children learn literacy
Building on previous literacy and wellbeing research funded by Cure Kids and A Better Start in 2017, this phase will train primary school teachers to build their knowledge of word level skills and reading strategies, and how to implement these strategies in culturally and linguistically responsive ways. Teachers will receive coaching throughout with a focus on positive educational experiences.
Tikanga and Mātauranga Māori resources for speech-language therapy
This study will investigate knowledge and practices
around speech and language issues. The researchers
will work with their community to develop a guiding
framework for speech language therapy, and to
co-design a Kete-Rauemi (resource pack) for whānau
and kaiako (teachers) who support tamariki with
mild-to-moderate speech language communication needs.
Implementation of Ki-o-Rahi, a traditional Māori game, for development of fundamental movement skills
Fundamental movement skills are deeply interconnected
with all domains of child health and development. This study will co-develop, and validate, an appropriate form of Ki-o-Rahi – a traditional Māori game that’s a little like a mix between handball and touch rugby. The study will be used by schools to promote movement competence in young children of all ethnicities.
9 Active Childhood Development and Learning Difficulties projects
Refractive error in New Zealand childrenAwarded 109,536Childhood Development and Learning Difficulties
A new method for measuring visual acuity progression in young childrenAwarded $101,547Childhood Development and Learning Difficulties
Preventing future blindness by identifying ‘at-risk’ childrenAwarded $109,667Childhood Development and Learning Difficulties
Do kids with type 1 diabetes experience worse educational outcomes?Awarded $51,899Childhood Development and Learning Difficulties
Studying prenatal exposure to methamphetamineAwarded $109,968Childhood Development and Learning Difficulties
Implementation of Ki-o-Rahi, a traditional Māori game, for development of fundamental movement skillsAwarded $491,480Childhood Development and Learning Difficulties
Tikanga and mātauranga Māori resources for speech-language therapyAwarded $350,000Childhood Development and Learning Difficulties
Phonics instruction for teachers to help improve children's literacyAwarded $249,732Childhood Development and Learning Difficulties
Telehealth for learning by children on the autism spectrumAwarded $499,940Childhood Development and Learning Difficulties
Help fund researchers like John.
Every cent helps, no matter how small.
We are currently supporting over $16 million of child health research projects.Learn more
Preterm Health6 Active projects$861.5K
Childhood Cancers4 Active projects$3.2M
Maternal and Infant Conditions5 Active projects$995.2K
Rheumatic Heart Disease1 Active project$3.2M
Childhood Development and Learning Difficulties9 Active projects$1.6M
Neurological and Neurodevelopmental Disorders2 Active projects$1.1M
Obesity, Growth Disorders & Nutrition5 Active projects$1.4M
Mental Health and Wellbeing11 Active projects$2.9M
Oral and Dental Disease2 Active projects$151K
Genetic Conditions and Rare Disorders5 Active projects$1.5M
Respiratory Conditions4 Active projects$735.8K
Infectious Disease3 Active projects$100K
Gastrointestinal Conditions1 Active project$450K